The Internet has made jobs a lot more available. Now, job-seekers can be competitive even against the most powerful employers. It also means that new candidates aren’t getting discouraged by the lack of skills they’re missing to get a job. Indeed, according to the OECD, job-seekers are becoming more sophisticated and less discouraged by missing out on the skills they need. They don’t believe they’d be able to do a job well either.
Moreover, because Internet and global information technology can give workers more access than ever to a variety of information and help them find jobs, new workers aren’t left behind in the race even though new skills may make them competitive. In some cases they get the edge by being in a country where the job market is much less competitive than they are. Indeed, an OECD study in 2012 found that countries where the unemployment rate was low were the only ones where the jobless rate dropped by more than it did (and Canada topped the list).
Still, there’s no sign that young immigrants are giving up on the American dream. While we can’t know for sure why some young immigrants come or stay, we can look at the employment rate and median income data for recent immigrants to the U.S. to learn some of the reasons why these immigrants haven’t given up on the American dream.
Employment Among Immigrants to America and the U.S. for those 18–65 in 2014 and 2013, by Citizenship status Source: American Community Survey
As of 2014, the unemployment rate for immigrants in the U.S. was 9.4 percent (0.8 percentage points lower than the unemployment rate for all native-born Americans). Meanwhile, the employment rate for U.S.-born natives was about 12 percent. What this means is that while unemployment among immigrants in the U.S. is still 10 percentage points higher than among U.S.-born natives, the employment rate for recently arrived immigrants is about equal to that of natives in the U.S..
Why, then, are immigrants’ employment rates so high compared to those of natives in the U.S.? To answer that question, it’s helpful to look at where immigrants come from. According to a new Pew Research Center report, the U.S. has six different country of origin groups: Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Dominican Americans, Hmong Americans, West and Central Asian Americans, Chinese Americans, and South Asians.
The survey asked respondents about their citizenship status by age
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